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Mohra Moradu Stupa

Mohra Moradu Stupa


Encountering architectural riches while travelling through Gandhara, the land of forgotten Buddhist relics

It was with a sense of awe that I journeyed through the vast Gandhara, to the quiet and forsaken abode of the Buddha where mystery still wraps its ruins.

Made up of the present-day north-western Pakistan and eastern and north-eastern Afghanistan, the green valleys of the Indus, the Kabul rivers and their tributaries, while also lying along the pleasant foothills of the Hindu Kush ranges, these ruins of the ancient monasteries have presented astonishing statuary art, paintings, rare manuscripts and inscriptions from their depths.

A peep into the heritage sites and museums of Pakistan and Afghanistan gives an idea of the beauty of Gandhara’s architectural wealth. The rare Buddha colossi, bejewelled bodhisattvas and intricately carved Jataka stories on stair risers at Gandharan sites — now reposing in the museums of Kabul, Peshawar, Taxila and Lahore — make up just a fraction of the incredible art discovered here during archaeological excavations.

Sadly, most ancient sites of Gandhara that once bustled with life and vigour, forming the hub of art, history and culture, have now become objects of human greed. Encroached and built over, they are fast becoming a thing of the past. Hundreds of Buddhist sites in this wondrous region have been crumbling into mounds over which village settlements have come up. Illegal mining and trafficking of precious antiquities at the hands of unscrupulous miners, traders and builders have also been responsible for the destruction and death of the historical sites.

In Afghanistan, the impending destruction facing the 2,000-year-old Buddhist city of Mes Aynak around the Baba Wali mountains at the hands of the Chinese mining company MCC is of great concern. The contract involves extraction of the world’s largest copper reserves in large open-cast mines, posing an environmental threat with possibility of extinction of the heritage site and historical and religious treasures buried in the mountains.

Bamiyan in the Bamiyan Valley and Kakrak and Foladi sites in the Kakrak and Foladi valleys respectively, speak of the glory of ancient Afghanistan. Even today, a visitor to these valleys can savour the remnants of paintings, stucco sculptures, intricate ceiling and wall art, and the gigantic silhouette of ‘Lokottara’ in the honeycomb of rock-cut shrines and monastic cells. However, the dark empty niches of the Buddha colossi, standing like gigantic black pillars against the backdrop of the snow-laden Hindu Kush, remind one of the most sordid and gruesome event in the history of Buddhist heritage, when the giant Buddhas were blown up in March 2001 by the Taliban.

The splendid decoration of the caves of the Buddha colossi and the soffit of its vault are fortunately still alive, but only in the records of the Bamiyan Information Bureau and Archaeological Survey of India's [ASI] publication Bamiyan: Challenge to World Heritage.

Empty caves of Bamiyan in Afghanistan

The renowned Naubahar of Balkh, the ‘Little Rajgriha’ of Xuanzang, and one of the most splendid monasteries of the Buddhist world have not been seen in recent times. I was only a few kilometres from Balkh at Mazar-i-Sharif when a massive blast blew up the road to the site. However, another Naubahar in the neighbouring city of Aibak, Samangan, 118 kilometres from Mazar, was my focus. Here, the famous Top-e-Rustam and Takht-i-Rustam (stupa and the monastery, respectively) have been well preserved with an immense rock-cut stupa, pradakshinapatha, exotic pillared galleries, decorated shrines and ablution kunds.

Monastery of Takht-i-Rustam at Aibak, Samangan, Afghanistan

Colossal Buddhas, bodhisattvas, rare coins and paintings recovered from several Buddhist cities in and around Kabul, and displayed at the National Museum of Afghanistan, are a scholar’s delight. The antiquities were unearthed during excavations in the 19th-20th century at the monastic site of Sarai Khuja, Paitava, Shotorak , Goldarrah, Tepe Maranjan,Tepe Narenj, Shewaki Stupa and monastery, Tope Darra or the Valley of Stupas near Istalif, and the Stupa at Tapa Iskandar.

Some of the most beautiful and well preserved monasteries of Asia are located in Pakistan, in and near Taxila and at Mardan in the Punjab and the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa regions.

At Manikyala village on GT Road, which is not far from Rawalpindi, the 200-feet-high stupa looms over the skyline even from a distance of several kilometres. The importance of the stupa can be gauged from its size, the carved stone decorations that cover its hemisphere, and the flight of steps that lead to the pradakshinapatha at the base of the drum.

The giant Stupa of Manikyala on GT Road, near Rawalpindi

Perched on the top of the hills and home to rare Buddha images and superbly embellished stupas, Jaulian, Pipplan, Mohra Moradu and Dharmarajika are some of the most beautiful and well-preserved monastic sites at Taxila, and are listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The monuments are dated to the Kushan period between the 1st and the 2nd centuries CE. Dharmarajika Stupa is considered one of the earliest Buddhist monuments at Taxila built, around the 3rd century BCE, during the reign of the Mauryan emperor, Asoka.

Author at the UNESCO Heritage Site of Jaulian in Taxila, Pakistan

The most well-preserved monastery yet seen on the Asian Silk Road is the UNESCO Heritage Site of Takht-i-Bahi, dating back to the 1st-2nd century CE. The site has many peculiarities and seems to be the main monastic location of Gandhara, where a large multitude of scholars and monks resided. The underground chamber with separate meditational cells is evidence that very senior monks and scholars lived here.

However, the same cannot be said about other monastic sites. At Jamalgarhi in Mardan, the focus of the establishment is the circular stupa, of which only the circular base remains. One can barely trace the eroded pilasters, niches and missing figures. A ring of roofless chapels that were erected to hold standing images of the Buddha and bodhisattvas lie empty, as their images have been pilfered.

At Peshawar the renowned Kanishka Stupa is lost in a maze of graves and all efforts to find it have failed. At the Hissara village in Charsadda, which was once part of the expansive site of Pushkalavati — the 6th-century BCE capital of Gandhara — the ancient fortress has now turned into layers of glistening yellow earth. Within the ruins, one can trace the entrance towers, galleries and guard quarters. Marvellous pieces of statuary art recovered from mounds around Hissara are now housed at the Peshawar Museum.

The crumbling site of ancient Pushkalavati, Charsadda in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

At Sahri Bahlol, the high mounds of the renowned monastic establishment has been totally occupied and encroached upon by villagers. At the remote but historic village of Sikri across the Kalpani stream, no trace remains of its Buddhist history. A severely damaged stupa found there has been restored and put on display at the Lahore Museum.

It is heartening to note that the Afghan Institute of Archaeology in Kabul, and the Department of Archaeology and Museums of Pakistan are carrying out new excavations and conservation in their respective regions and taking steps to prevent illegal mining of Buddhist treasures.

Afghan, Japanese and French archaeologists and conservators are at Bamiyan taking special care of cave paintings, while also conducting further research and explorations. Marvellous statuary art has been recovered during new excavations at Mes Aynak and Tepe Narenj near Kabul.

Similarly, excavations at the historic villages of Sawal Dher in Mardan, Mian Khan in Katlang, and Koi Tangey Kandaray have revealed Buddhist antiquities from the 2nd-3rd century BC. Recently, Pakistan unveiled the remains of a 1,700-year-old, 48-feet-long Sleeping Buddha dated 3rd century CE at Haripur. According to Dr Abdul Samad, director of the Archaeology and Museums Department, it is the world’s oldest Sleeping Buddha.

As a thousand more Buddhas wait to be dug out from buried monasteries of Gandhara, the essential task before the world now, is to protect and preserve the forgotten cities and their treasures.

— Featured image: The monastery of Takht-i-Bahi in Mardan, Pakistan

Sunita Dwivedi is a Silk Road traveller and author based in Delhi. She has published four volumes on Asia’s Buddhist heritage. Her latest book, Buddha in Gandhara, is available online and in bookstores.


Monasteries of Taxila

Perched on the top of a hill and home to rare Buddha images and superbly embellished stupas, Jaulian is the most important monastic city at Taxila. A UNESCO World Heritage Site, the original foundation of the monument is dated to the Kushan period between the first and second century AD.

Driving barely 30 minutes on the Taxila road, we found a signpost marking a right-turn for Jaulian. While we were still negotiating the rutted road that passes through a thick forest, rain starts lashing out on Jaulian Hills. At the base of the hill, we took refuge in a small tea shop, but the leaking thatched roof showed no mercy and droplets trickled down exactly where we stood. I was distracted by the carved replicas of the Fasting Buddhas and other Jataka stories in stone at the craft shops nearby. But the Buddha was waiting at Jaulian on the peak of a hill and there was no time for souvenir picking!

The sky was still glum, clouds were gathering and there was no hope for a clear sky. I immediately decided to climb up to the monastery. Before my knees could creak at the steep incline, my umbrella betrayed me. The fierce wind blew it away into a faraway bush and in an effort to retrieve it, I was completely drenched. Though climbing the steep mountain under a heavy rain was an uphill task, it did not dampen my spirit. The hope of seeing the most famous, beautiful and rare heritage site of Gandhara put spring in my steps. The raging wind and downpour did not daunt me. I surged forward even as my clothes and shoes were soaked.

The stepped hilly pathway crossed a wide stream racing from the mountain top. After a hard climb, I was inside the monastic establishment, a place where I could easily get lost amidst a large cluster of stupas and happily hide behind the closely facing stupa walls and Buddha images that peeped from every crevice.

Jaulian Monastery, Taxila. Photo: Sunita Dwivedi

I paid the admission fee and was thrilled when they charged nothing extra for the camera. But as soon as I pulled out my camera inside the monastery, three staffers from the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) Tourism Department warned me about the ‘no photography' rule. I was ready to pay the photography fee, but they sternly refused. My plea that I had come a long way from India fell on deaf ears. When I enquired whether a nearby shop sold slides or photos, the answer was a vehement no.

Dr Esther Park, my friend from Korea, came to my rescue. She made a quick phone call to Dr Abdul Samad, director of the KPK Tourism Department and Peshawar Museum, and conveyed my request. When he learnt I was from India, he gave the consent without any extra payment. I thanked Buddha and Dr Samad for their kindness.

I found the stupa court and monastic cells soaked in rain. The weather was changing for the worse it was getting frosty and my hands were trembling on the camera shutter. According to the plan of the monuments at Jaulian, as illustrated and explained by archaeologist John Marshall who explored the site, it comprises a monastery of moderate dimensions and two stupa-courts by its side on different levels—the upper to the south and the lower to the north, with a third and smaller court adjoining them on the west.

Entering the complex through the lower court, I stepped into the large open quadrangle with highly embellished square stupas having rows upon rows of Buddha images, figures of lions and Atlantes—Greek deity used as architectural adornment it is a support sculpted in the form of a Herculean figure, which may take the place of pillar. There is a large open hall with numerous small shrines intended for Buddhist images along a staircase leading to the upper storey.

Jaulian Monastery, Taxila. Photo: Sunita Dwivedi

At the entrance, five moderate-sized stupas are arranged in a row. Originally exposed in an open courtyard surrounding the plinth of the enormous main stupa, they are now covered with a protective roof. The moderate-sized stupas have lost their domes and cylindrical drums, but their square bases are still adorned with horizontal tiers of elaborate stucco relief of ‘Thousand Buddhas' pertaining to the ‘Miracle of Sravasti'. The Buddha and bodhisattva images are held in niches flanked by attendants at their sides, and the rows of elephants, lions or Atlantes supporting the superstructure above them. On D5, one of these stupas, a Kharosthi inscription names the title of the images and the names of the donors.

The main stupa which stands in the middle of the upper court dates from the early Kushan period (first–second century ad). On one of its faces (on the northern side), is a seated Buddha figure with a circular hole at the navel intended for a suppliant to place his finger when offering prayers against certain bodily ailments. It also has an inscription in Kharosthi beneath, recording that it was the gift of one Budhamitra, who ‘delighted in the Law', or Dharma.

Among the numerous small and richly decorated stupas which are arranged in rows around the main structure, the stupa AII possesses an exceptionally well-preserved bodhisattva figure. At the back of stupa AII, there are colossal images of the Buddha adorning the wall of the main stupa. Dated to the fifth century AD the heads made of fine stucco and finished with slip and paint were found lying on the floor. They are now safe in the Taxila Museum.

The stupa A15 on the west side of the main stupa has several donative inscriptions in Kharosthi characters. For example, Saghamitrasa Budhadevasa bhikshusa danamukho, meaning ‘the pious gift of the bhikshu Buddhadeva, friend of the holy community.'

The relic-chamber in the main stupa structure was unusually tall and narrow, and in it was a miniature stupa of very remarkable character. Standing 3 feet and 8 inches high and modelled out of hard lime plaster, it was finished with blue and crimson paint and bejewelled around the dome with gems such as garnet, carnelian, lapis lazuli, aquamarine, ruby, agate, amethyst and crystal. According to Marshall, the workmanship of this ‘curious relic casket is undeniably coarse and barbaric, but there is a certain quaint charm in its design as well as in the bright and gaudy colouring of the inlaid gems.' Below the body of the miniature stupa ran a hollow shaft, at the bottom of which were more relics hidden within a smaller copper-gilt receptacle.

Just outside the monastery on the eastern side is a small chapel containing a singularly fine group of stucco figures, one of the best-preserved of their kind. Seated in the centre is the meditative Buddha (dhyana mudra), with a Standing Buddha to his right and left and two attendant figures behind. Of the two attendants, the one to the left carries the fly-whisk (chauri), the other is the Vajrapani holding the thunderbolt in his left hand. The central image still bears traces of the red and black paint and of the gold leaf with which it was once bedecked.


Buddhist Stupa of Mohra Murado, Pakistan signify?

What struck me about Mohra Murado was its tranquility. I could still hear the rustling of leaves and the stream close by.

The top portion of the Mohra Murado Buddhist Monastery is still preserved in its original form nearly 2000 years after it was erected over the site.

Even the watering well is still functional.

Stupa means ‘mound’ in Sanskrit. Mohra Murado’s semicircular mound is still intact with elaborately carved stupas of devotees surrounding the main structure.

The shrine of the five saints was also inside the premises. I guess all religious clergy have a thing for prime real-estate.

A prayer Buddha with the cavity to insert your index finger was also there.

The most significant find from the site is the pointy spire that rests over the semicircular mount.

This spire is erected over the dome shaped earthen mount – the anda – which represents the semi-spherical universe.

The first thing that the colonial British archeologists took away from this site was relic of Buddha that was nursed inside a shaft that opens from the top of the stupa’s dome.

The hemisphere has a square box placed on top of it called the harmika. This box once housed the venerated remains of Buddha, but not in the later day stupas. This box is always aligned in a NE – SW axis, relative to the Sun.

The faithful circumambulate in a clockwise direction on a track called the medhi.

On top of the dome, the spire comprises of several segments that that signifies different aspects of the Buddhist religion.

Immediately after the square box is the stem, the yashti, that points towards the heavens.

On top of the stem is the three chhatras (umbrellas) that represent the three pillars of Buddhism Buddha Dharma (doctrine) Sangha (community)

This monastery was very close to the 2 nd century AD town Center, SirKap so that the monks could ask for alms and supplies.

When Buddhist influence waned, this site was gradually abandoned around the 5 th century.

Enjoy the video also by clicking this link. Taxilla and surrounding Buddhist sites.


Related Locations

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  • Sohowa (North-West Frontier Province)
  • Kothra (North-West Frontier Province)
  • Pir Khair Muhammad Shah (North-West Frontier Province)
  • Garamthun (North-West Frontier Province)
  • Tofkian (North-West Frontier Province)
  • Wane Kor (Balochistān)
  • Gangu Jumma (Punjab)
  • Kolian (Punjab)
  • Dhok Nur Khan (Punjab)
  • Mian Malik Sahib (Punjab)
  • Srawate (Balochistān)
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Map of Takht-i-Bahi

I left Islamabad early on a December 2017 morning on the Grand Trunk Road to Taxila, an hour to the northwest, to visit the WHS's ruined second-century Buddhist monastery. From Taxila, it was a two-hour drive to Takht-i-Bahi, another Buddhist monastery, which was abandoned in the seventh century. From Takht-i-Bahi, it was less than an hour to Peshawar, where I arrived just in time for Friday prayers at the 17th-century Mahabat Khan Mosque. The mosque is located down one of the many narrow passageways in Qissa Khawani Bazaar, where the friendly vendors were surprised to see an overseas customer. In fact, I didn't seen any other foreign visitors in the heavily fortified and militarized city, maybe because it's less than 40 miles from the border with Afghanistan.


ආචාර්ය ශ්‍රීමාල් ප්‍රනාන්දු Dr.Srimal Fernando

From the mighty stretches of the Karakoram mountain range in the North to the vast alluvial delta of the Indus River in the South, Pakistan remains a land of high adventure and nature.The country has been the cradle of a civilization that dates back more than five thousand years. Thus the region is home to the oldest Asian civilization. The kingdom flourished on the territory of North West Frontier Province of modern Pakistan and Eastern Afghanistan. The people from all corners of the sub-continent visited Gandhara for trade and to quench their thirst for knowledge. The capital of ancient region was Taxila. It was considered as the center of cultural activities and education. In 1980, Taxila was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Gandhara also was a jewel of Buddhist civilization. Scholars of Gandhara traveled east to India and China and were influential in the developing early Mahayana Buddhism. However, it was the Islam and Islamic traditions that finally took roots and formed the mainspring of the country’s cultural heritage. Waves of invaders and migrants settled down in the region through out the centuries. It was the blend of Harappan, Indo-Aryan, Indo-Iranian, Saka, Parthian, Kushan, White Hun, Afghan, Arab, Turkic, and Mughal heritages.

The kingdom existed, in one form or another, for more than fifteen centuries. It began as a province of the Persian Empire in 530 BC and ended in 7th century AD. The first mention of Gandhara in the historical literature is found in the times of Cyrus the Great (558-28BC).

In Gandhara, Mahayana Buddhism flourished and peaked during the reign of the great Kushan king Kanishka (151-128 BC). King Kanishka did a yeoman service for the Buddhist cause. The Kingdom of Gandhara was served in different ways during the period of Alexander and Asoka. In the 5th century BC, Greek historian Herodotus mentioned Gandhara as one of the wealthiest territories of their empire. In Pakistan Peshawar valley and Taxila were collectively referred to as Gandhara and sometimes the Swat valley. The heart of Gandhara however was always the Peshawar valley. The main ruins of Taxila are divided into three major cities, each belonging to a distinct time period. The oldest of these is Bhir Mound, which dates from the sixth century B.C. The second city of Taxila is located at Sirkap and was built by Greco-Bactrian kings in the second century B.C. The third and the last city of Taxila is at Sirsukh.

The ancient Gandhara excelled in the field of fine arts especially in making of stone statues. Gandhara has every reason to be proud of the thousands of year’s old and rich traditions of its arts and craft. The ancient Gandhara excelled in the field of fine arts especially in the making of stone statues. Gandhara art can be seen in all the major museums of Pakistan, especially in the Taxila.

Gandhara has many places of interest including countless Buddhist monasteries and stupa’s. It includes number of Buddhist monasteries and stupas belong to the Taxila area. Some of the important ruins of this category include the ruins of the stupa at first city site at Bhir Mound. The largest second city site at Sirkap is a classic city to visit in the Taxila Valley. It is famous for its architectural design and outstanding sculpture. The cities main street is joined by narrow lanes at regular intervals. The religious buildings, temples and shrines are situated conspicuously by the main street. A prominently large house, undoubtedly a royal palace, stands towards south overlooking the main street.

The third city now called Irsukh is situated to the north-east of the Landi stream a few kilometers from Sirkap. The Dharmarajika or Chirtope stupa and monastery is important place to be visited. The complex which is said to have been built during the vibrant period of King Asoka , houses the relics of Lord Buddha. It is a favourite pilgrim location visited by tourist irrespective of religion.The main stupa which is almost circular in plane is the biggest and by far the most conspicuous of all such edifices at Taxila. The Jaulian Monastery, best known and most significant monastery is located ten kilometers from the Sirkap, while going towards Khanpur. The over view of the surrounding hills and valley from this ninety meter high religious establishment is simply enchanting. The Khanpur Canal below Jaulian monastery is a place worth visiting .

One of the other establishments of architectural merit in Taxila valley is the Sangharama situated near the modern village of Mohra Moradu. The only building in the Taxila valley which greatly differs from the monasteries and stupas are situated at Jandial.

Another heritage attraction in Gandhara is the stupa at Shah-ji-ki Dheri near Peshawar. The relics and copper alloy casket of Lord Buddha was found by archeologist at Shah-ji-ki Dheri. The Takht-e-Bahi monastry over the hills in the Mardan district presents one of the best Buddhist monasteries in the whole of Gandhara. The origin of Butkara-I is so ancient that it has been veiled in the mists of time.

The site of Butkara- I, lies at a distance of a stones throw east of the Swat Museum campus in Saidu Sharif. It is located by the side of the Swat River. The great stupa is circular in plan and bears five reconstructions, which gradually added to the perimeter of the original structure, each new one encasing the old. At Panr three kilometers from Mingora another archaeological site is situated. It lies on the slope of the Jambil Valley. Saidu Sharif-I, lies close to the Saidu Sharif valley .The area is fascinating place to be visited. The rich heritage attractions of Gandhara civilization is considered as one of the finest marvels in the world and important place symbolically. If one is to understand and experience the wonders of the world the region of Gandhara is surely not a place to be missed.


MONGOLS CHINA AND THE SILK ROAD

Scores of priceless antiquities including coins dated back to second century to 5th century AD belongs to ancient Gandhara civilization are feared to be lost as treasurer hunters make illegal excavations at a mound near Taxila. It has been learnt that a gang of influential treasure hunters carried out illegal digging at a mound in village Tofukian located near Taxila and recovered different antiquities especially coins of Kushan dynasty dated back to second Century to 5th century AD.

Mohra Maradu Stupa [Credit: UrbanPK]

The small village is located on the border of Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa adjacent to ancient Buddhist site of Mohra Maradu stupa. Sources said that illegal treasurer hunters first dig out coins and artifacts with the help of metal detectors and then levelled the land with the help of tractors to conceal their crime. It is learnt that this incident of human vandalism, illegal excavation and theft of the ancient cultural heritage came under spotlight when some villagers spotted some stranger people mapping land with metal detectors and later digging the area and informed officials of department of archeology as well as police.

Official sources said that the illegal digging site is located near Mohra Maradu Stupa and Monastery dated back to 4𔃃th century AD and the antiquities belong to this site as it remains still buried under ground. Official sources said that Mohra Moradu Monastery flourished as a beacon of knowledge from 4th to 5th centuries AD and is located in a small valley between Sirkap called second city of ancient Taxila valley civilization and Jaulian, known as ancient Taxila Buddhist University. Keeping its importance UNESCO put this site on its list of the world cultural heritage sites in 1980.

An official of department of archaeology, who wished not to be named has said that according to Antiquity Act, archaeological finds or relics of historical importance are the exclusive domains of the government and their possession or removal is an offence which can be seriously dealt according to the prescribed law. He added that in July 1997, through a special notification to protect and preserve this heritage UNESCO prohibited mining, excavating, quarrying and blasting in Taxila area.

It may be mentioned here that the old and never improved Antiquity Act which was constituted in year 1973 do not cover the recent incidents and circumstances. If the government is serious to curb the menace of illegal digging, smuggling and theft of the archaeological treasure, it is high time that department should revise, improve and update the Antiquities Act and form a task force which should conduct a survey of the un-excavated and preserved sites of the different archaeological sites and adopt remedies to safeguard these ancient sites enriched with the antiquities treasure.

Author: Dr M Ramazan Rana | Source: Pakistan Observer [January 04, 2013]


Around Islamabad

Just north of Taxila Museum, you will come across a street of stonecarvers. It's quite entertaining to see them chipping away with chisels at various blocks of stone. You can also buy their products. Stone shops also carry plaster objects covered with pieces of mirror. Many a tourist have driven away with disco balls or, even better, disco cats as souvenirs of their Taxila visit. In season, the Taxila area is full of citrus fruit.

Also nearby are the Wah Garden and Kanpur Lake, on which I may blog at a later date.

As you can see below, the ruins of Taxila are spread out over a wide area. Your first stop, and maybe also your last, should be the Taxila Museum. There is one ticket for the museum and another ticket for all of the ruins other than Jaulian, which lies in the Provice of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and therefore has a separate admission.

There is not much food to be purchased around Taxila--pack a picnic lunch.


Mohra (necklace)

In mohra is a necklace made of gold coins worn by the bride at a Sikh wedding. The mohra is given to the groom by the brides father, which puts it around the neck of the bride after the wedding ceremony.

bride will give the groom a gold ring, a kara steel or iron bangle and a mohra Chooda is a kind of bangle that is worn by Punjabi women on her wedding
dress Modern girl Modern Irish Army uniform Modius headdress Mohair Mohra necklace Moire fabric Mojari Mohawk hairstyle Moleskin Money bag Money belt
CE. The statue wears a sleeved blouse, a full skirt, and a torque and necklace like those of the Gandharan Bodhisattvas. The statue is an example of the

  • bride will give the groom a gold ring, a kara steel or iron bangle and a mohra Chooda is a kind of bangle that is worn by Punjabi women on her wedding
  • dress Modern girl Modern Irish Army uniform Modius headdress Mohair Mohra necklace Moire fabric Mojari Mohawk hairstyle Moleskin Money bag Money belt
  • CE. The statue wears a sleeved blouse, a full skirt, and a torque and necklace like those of the Gandharan Bodhisattvas. The statue is an example of the

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MC 627 Mohra 2.4.6.8.12.14 g. MC 628 Ball Indrajeet 8.12.16.24.32.48 g. MC ​629 Ball Round Lexus 12.18.24.36.48 g. MC 701 Ball Oval Lexus 12.18.24. Kids top for order contact 9842995293 Trendy Blouse Designs. March 30, 2014: Man in a turban with heavy beaded necklaces. the ruins of the Mohra Moradu monastery near Taxila, Pakistan Face of a. Hindi Film Mohra Videos HD WapMight. Urdu name: Hadeed Arabic name: Hajar khamakhan Persian name: Sultan Mohra Sandal hadeedi Color: Brownish Black Brown Red.

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Was the moment when Prabhas and Raveena Tandon danced to the iconic number Tip Barsa Paani from the latters 1994 film Mohra. Mohra Main Khiladi Tu Anari 2 IN 1 India Town Gifts. Mohra مهرة Gold Name Necklace Solid 14K gold necklace with a 16 inch 14K gold chain. 8mm 0.31inch height for the capital letter, 5mm 0.19685 inch for the​. Antiques, Regional Art, Asian, Indian Subcontinent, India Trocadero. Blouse NeckSaree BlouseAari EmbroideryEmbroidery DesignsBlouse Patterns​Blouse DesignsWork BlouseWedding BlousesJewelry Collection. SPA JAD Mohra Marrakech 2020 All You Need to Know. Mohra for crochet. 109 likes. Now you can get your special order from Mohra for crochet Brand and buy a gift for your favourite friend. Agate yamni aqeeqsize Archives - Blue Light Gemstones. Every town of this state has its own unique metal craft mohra which is as old as Also, there is another kind of necklace made out of metal called Chandahaar.

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I have just modified one external link on Mohra necklace. Please take a moment to review my edit. If you have any questions, or need the bot to ignore the links,. Jawahar Mohra No.1 With Gold Exotic India. The major craft works of Himachal Pradesh are leather craft, jewelry, Another metal craft which is very unique and popular is the Mohra of.

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Natural Raw Zher Mohra Gemstone, Overwhelming Oval Jasper Cabochon 22x36mm, Designer Gemstone, Jewelry Beading Semi Precious Gemstone SM23. Mumbai List2 Jewellery Softlines Retail Scribd. Lyrics, Translation. Na kajre ki dhar, Theres no line of kohl. Na motiyon ke haar, Theres no necklace of pearls. Na koi kiya singaar, Theres no adornment.

Pakistan March 30, 2014: Man in a turban with heavy beaded.

Mohra necklace A mohra is a necklace made of gold coins worn by the bride at a Sikh wedding. The mohra is given to the groom by the brides father, who. Beadstore hashtag on Twitter. Shop Mohras closet and buy fashion from Lacoste, yaschellu, Simply Vera Wang and more. Follow mohra on Poshmark. mohra. Accessories Necklace.

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