History Podcasts

Review: Volume 3 - Reference Books

Review: Volume 3 - Reference Books

The Oxford Companion to Black British History is essential reading for anyone who wants to understand the long and fascinating history of black people in the British Isles, from African auxiliaries stationed on Hadrian's Wall in the 2nd century AD, through John Edmonstone, who taught taxidermy to Charles Darwin, Mary Seacole, the 'Black Florence Nightingale', and Walter Tull, footballer and First World War officer, to our own day. It considers such key concepts as Emancipation and Reparations. It is also timely: the Qualifications and Curriculum Authority highlighted in their annual report of December 2005 the need to give more attention to the wider teaching of black history. OCBBH brings together a unique collection of articles which provides an overview of the black presence in Britain, and the rich and diverse contribution made to British society.

In 1919, in the midst of chaos and destruction, communists in Russia wrote a short programme to set out priorities and goals. Next year came The ABC of Communism, an extended popular guide to the Programme. A new Afterword poses critical questions: How realistic was the programme? How did critics view this programme? These three texts provide historical insights and critical perspectives; they explore and explain what communism was... or might be?

Every age has its utopias, from Plato's Republic to contemporary sci-fi visions. In this spellbinding anthology John Carey charts the course of every conceivable dream world - whether communist, fascist, anarchist, green, golden age, techno-fantastic or hermaphroditic - combining a broad historical sweep with lively variety. An experienced and imaginative anthologist, editor of The Faber Book of Reportage and The Faber Book of Science, Carey has gathered together a vast range of texts from Ancient Egypt to modern California, the authors of which, in different ways, attempt to describe a better world than our own.

Why are some parts of the world so rich and others so poor? Why did the Industrial Revolution - and the unprecedented economic growth that came with it - occur in eighteenth-century England, and not at some other time, or in some other place? Why didn't industrialization make the whole world rich - and why did it make large parts of the world even poorer? In A Farewell to Alms, Gregory Clark tackles these profound questions and suggests a new and provocative way in which culture--not exploitation, geography, or resources - explains the wealth, and the poverty, of nations. Countering the prevailing theory that the Industrial Revolution was sparked by the sudden development of stable political, legal, and economic institutions in seventeenth-century Europe, Clark shows that such institutions existed long before industrialization. He argues instead that these institutions gradually led to deep cultural changes by encouraging people to abandon hunter-gatherer instincts-violence, impatience, and economy of effort-and adopt economic habits-hard work, rationality, and education.

Harris, Charles W.

Published by Red River Valley Historical Review - Museum and Archives of the Red River Valley, Durant, Oklahoma, 1975

Used - Softcover
Condition: Very Good

Trade Paperback. Condition: Very Good. Spring Edition 1975. 195 Pages. This is the Spring 1975 Issue and is the beginning of the second volume. A tight square book with some minor cover discoloration and edge and corner wear. No mark or stamps and interior text pages are clean and white. This issue is devoted to The Cowboys. The manuscripts for this issue have been in preparation for over a year, and each represents the fruition of much research and labor. The publisher believed that these works were significant enough to merit special attention and a special collector's edition of one hundred leather-bound copies, consecutively numbered and signed by the authors were published under the imprint of the Red River Press. The person responsible for all the hard work on this issue was Dr. Bill Rainey Professor and Chairman of Business Education at East Central Oklahoma State University at Ada, Oklahoma who had published extensively on Western movie personalities and film history. Contents: Editor's Foreword By Charles W. Harris, Guest Editor's Prologue By Buck Rainey, The Cowboy: From Black Hat to White By Don Russell, The Reel Cowboy: Myth versus Realism By Buck Rainey, The Pistol Packin' Cowboy: From Bullet to Burial By Philip D. Jordan, Cowboy Sexuality: A Historical No-No? By Clifford P. Westermeier, The Cowboy and Dude Ranching By Lawrence R. Borne, The Cowboy's Music: Not Always "G" Rated By Guy Logsdon, The Cowboy in Indian Territory By Arrell M. Gibson, The Cowboy Myth: A Comment By William W. Savage, and Looking Down the Valley By Charles W. Harris. Size: 6 3/4" x 10".

Volume 87 - Issue 3 - Autumn 2013


Editors' Note

Research Article

The Australian Bank Crashes of the 1890s Revisited

In the early 1890s, financial crises occurred in many countries, most of which were connected to international capital flows. Australia, a major importer of capital, had difficulty borrowing after the Baring crisis of 1890. This article argues that local factors shaped the consequences of the banking crash in early 1893. A fortuitous legislative change averted a calamity by allowing for reconstruction rather than liquidation of banks, economic activity was depressed as banks became more conservative lenders, and the reconstructions reduced the wealth of domestic bank creditors and shareholders. The article concludes by noting that there was no targeted policy response in the short or medium term to prevent a recurrence of such an event.


Party Politics and the Default Move from Coordination to Liberalism

This article delves into the origins of the first national multi-sector employers' associations in Denmark and the United Kingdom to understand why some countries produce highly-centralized, unitary national business associations, which develop labor market coordination with unions and the state. In contrast, other countries conclude their experiment with coordination by ultimately falling back on laissez-faire liberalism. In particular, I explore how the structure of party competition works to augment or to diminish coordination among employers. I argue that the interplay of party politics in the policy-making process influenced the incentives of opposing parties to block the legislation sought by employers, informed the incentives of the business-oriented right parties to delegate policy-making authority to private business and labor organizations, and shaped the capacities of employers to get what they wanted from the state.

Marketing for Socialism: Soviet Cosmetics in the 1930s

This article examines the marketing practices of the Soviet state trust for cosmetics, TeZhe, in the 1930s. Drawing on company records, industry reports, and popular press, we show that TeZhe used an array of marketing tactics, which were similar to those of the Western manufacturers. However, TeZhe's marketing was aligned with the state's economic and sociocultural initiatives and shaped by the ideological dictates of the Soviet system.

Beyond Marshallian Agglomeration Economies: The Roles of Trade Associations in Meiji Japan

In both developed Western nations and developing countries, economic growth was based on the development of industrial districts, which were much more organized and institutionalized in modern Japan than economist Alfred Marshall had described. Local trade associations played an important role in enhancing Marshallian externalities, arising from the ease of imitating improved ideas and transacting unfinished products among clustered enterprises by facilitating joint actions in the supply of public goods, such as through the creation of local district brands and through the efficient provision of business information. These activities were clearly beyond the scope of agglomeration economies. This article examines the case of Kiryu, one of the best-known silk weaving districts in Japan.

James D. Mooney and General Motors' Multinational Operations, 1922–1940

This article traces the emergence of the General Motors Corporation as a multinational enterprise under the leadership of James D. Mooney from 1922 to the outbreak of World War II. Mooney's unpublished paper “The Science of Industrial Organization” (1929) portrays GM's multidivisional organization's use of the line-staff concept in organizing overseas assembly plants. Here I compare General Motors with Ford Motor Company, which had first-mover advantages overseas, and examine how each company organized and managed their international operations. “Linking pins,” a social-science concept, illustrates how GM's organizational hierarchy achieved vertical coordination of effort. Economic depression and the prelude to World War II followed the expansionary 1920s, requiring GM and Ford to adjust to a changing environment. The article also covers Mooney's naïve attempts to use business for diplomacy in the years leading up to the war.

Volume 94 - Issue 2 - Summer 2020


Editors' Note

Research Article

Shorting the Future? Capital Markets and the Launch of the British Electrical Industry, 1882–1892

Although Britain's electrification started with considerable technological and market advantages, it proceeded remarkably slowly and hesitantly. Using share-price data, this study investigates the conventional explanations for this disappointing outcome: notably, perverse regulation and competition from entrenched gas-light providers. It finds that these oft-cited factors had an imperceptible impact on the course of the British electrical industry's turbulent market launch in 1882. However, we show that, owing to the fledgling electrical industry's need for incessant experimentation, short-sighted, self-serving decisions by the management of the early British industry's most prominent firm squandered a well-funded start, with long-lasting adverse consequences.

Investing in a Wealthy Resource-Based Colonial Economy: International Business in Australia before World War I

The article is a rare investigation into multinational activity in a wealthy resource-based colonial economy toward the end of the first wave of globalization. It challenges the conventional wisdom that multinationals had a limited presence in pre-1914 Australia, where government loans and portfolio investment from Britain into infrastructural and primary industries dominated. Our new database of nearly five hundred foreign firms, from various nations and spread across the host economy, shows a thriving and diverse international business community whose agency mattered for economic development in Australia. Colonial ties, natural resources, stable institutions, and high incomes all attracted foreign firms.

The Changing and Flexible Nature of Imitation and Adulteration: The Case of the Global Wine Industry, 1850–1914

The first wave of globalization, from 1850 to 1914, is considered to be a period when global trade and investment increased at a steady pace, impacting on global economic growth. Yet that evolution was not consistent across all industries. This article explains why, during that period, global trade in wines and other alcoholic beverages was reversed. Apart from diseases that affected vineyards in the main wine-producing countries of the Old World, various factors in the New World—including local government incentives and the presence of consumers (immigrants) with acquired habits of consumption from European countries—created strong incentives for the imitation and adulteration of wines. This study looks at the strategies used both by the imitators in expanding their businesses and by the innovators to survive in institutional environments that were weak with regard to the protection of their intellectual property.

The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in an unprecedented amount of research to find suitable vaccines and treatments for this viral condition. This article reviews the current status of the many emer.

Professor Luigi Martini joins EC as the Editor of the IP Journal

Professor Martini is Chief Scientist for the Royal Pharmaceutical Society (RPS) where he ensures that the RPS stays at the forefront of medicines development and utilization. In this capacity, Pro.

Dr Tim Sandle joins GMP Review as its new Editor.

Dr Tim Sandle is the new editor of our journal GMP Review and follows in the footsteps of previous distinguished editors John Dolman, Kate McCormick and Peter Savin. Tim brings a lot of experience .



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Basic Science

During erythropoiesis, the process of erythroid maturation involves a progressive condensation of nuclear chromatin (termed nuclear maturation) and finally its extrusion from the cell, the synthesis of hemoglobin in the cytoplasm (termed cytoplasmic maturation), and a concomitant reduction in cell size due to division and water loss.

Defects in nuclear maturation, as seen in megaloblastic anemias due to folate or B12 deficiency, result in large oval erythrocytes (macroovalocytes) with a normal hemoglobin content. The MCV and MCH are increased, while the MCHC remains normal. There is anisocytosis, and RDW is often increased. In the macrocytosis of liver disease, where there is no defect in nuclear maturation, the cells are large due to an excess red cell membrane. These cells are round, rather than oval, and the RDW is normal.

Defective hemoglobin synthesis results in small cells (low MCV) with or without anisocytosis. In heterozygous β-thalassemias, the cells are uniformly small (low MCV RDW tends to be normal), whereas in iron deficiency, anisocytosis (increased RDW) may be the first laboratory abnormality, even before anemia and microcytosis are seen.

In abnormalities involving nuclear maturation, hemoglobin production proceeds normally, while cell division lags behind, ultimately leading to a larger than normal cell. In contrast, when there is defective and delayed synthesis of hemoglobin, the continued cell division leads to microcytosis.

Review: Volume 3 - Reference Books - History

Robert Looney Book
Latest book about the Looney Family and Looney History

Only 120 books left !

UPDATED 2/1/2020

. Order now for $40.00
Shipping and handling $6.00

Phillip L. Crane

Born Oct. 3, 1948

Death: Jan. 12, 2020

Above picture Hotel Looney, Walton, Roane County, West Virgina. Courtesy of George C. Looney


With the passing of my husband Phillip Crane, I will be keeping the price on the books the same. I have to downsize. I will fill the orders as soon as they come in. There are a limit supply left so if you want them please order as soon as possible. There will be no reprints on either book.
Shipping and handling $6.00 per book
EACH BOOK IS $40.00.

Computer Science Review, Volume 3

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Journal Articles

If your reference list includes an article taken from a periodical, the volume and issue number of journal are included on the reference list. This format is used for periodical articles in APA:

Author Lastname, First Initial(s). (Year, Month and Day if applicable). Title of article: Subtitle of article. Title of journal, volume number (issue number), pages of article.

Gunnerson, L. (1989, February). The muskie and the walleye. Thousand Lakes fishing monthly, 18 (2), 12-17.

The following examples show you how to format an online journal citation in APA style. Check out this hyperlink if you are looking to cite websites in MLA format.

Author’s last name, Author’s first initial. Author’s middle initial. (Year, Month Date published). Article title. Online Journal Name, Volume(Issue). URL

Poiger, U. G. (1996). Rock ‘n’ roll, female sexuality, and the Cold War battle over German identities. The Journal of Modern History, 68(3). https://www.jstor.org/stable/2946768

Author’s last name, Author’s first initial. Author’s middle initial. (Year, Month Date published). Article title. Online Journal Name, Volume(Issue). https://doi.org/—–

Poiger, U. G. (1996). Rock ‘n’ roll, female sexuality, and the Cold War Battle over German Identities. The Journal of Modern History, 68(3), 577. https://doi.org/10.1086/245343